धवल तुषार या पाला (Hoar frost)

Submitted by Hindi on Mon, 12/27/2010 - 10:17
तापमान शून्य अंश सेल्सियस (00c) से कम होने पर भूतल के ऊपर (प्रायः घासों तथा सूखी वस्तुओं पर) रवेदार हिमकणों का जमाव होता है जिसका रंग बिल्कुल श्वेत या धवल होता है। इसे धवल तुषार या पाला कहते हैं।

अपने आसपास की वायु की अपेक्षा ठंडी और हिमांक बिंदु से कम तापमान वाली सतह पर जलवाष्प के सीधे ठोस रूप में परिवर्तित होने को पाला कहते हैं हालांकि यह जमी ओस नहीं होती है। पाला का विनाशकारी रूप वार्षिक पौधों और छोटे पेड़ों को नष्ट कर सकता है।

अन्य स्रोतों से

Hoar frost in Hindi (धवल तुषार, पाला)

बर्फ-क्रिस्टलों का वह निक्षेप, जिसका निर्माण भूमि के निकट पाई जाने वाली वस्तुओं पर उस समय होता है, जिस समय वायुमंडल में उपस्थित जलवाष्प बिना द्रव अवस्था में आए हुए जम जाया करती हैं। जब कभी भी ओसांक (dew-point) हिमांक के नीचे पहुँच जाता है, उस समय ओस की बजाय इसकी रचना हो जाया करती है। इसमें प्रायः अंशतः जमी हुई ओस और अंशतः जलवाष्प से प्रत्यक्ष बनी बर्फ पाई जाती है। संयुक्त राज्य अमरीका में इसे श्वेत ओस भी कहते हैं।

विकिपीडिया से (Meaning from Wikipedia)

Hoar frost

(also called radiation frost or hoarfrost or pruina) refers to the white ice crystals, loosely deposited on the ground or exposed objects, that form on cold clear nights when heat losses into the open skies cause objects to become colder than the surrounding air. A related effect is flood frost which occurs when air cooled by ground-level radiation losses travels downhill to form pockets of very cold air in depressions, valleys, and hollows. Hoar frost can form in these areas even when the air temperature a few feet above ground is well above freezing. Nonetheless the frost itself will be at or below the freezing temperature of water. Hoar frost may have different names depending on where it forms. For example, air hoar is a deposit of hoar frost on objects above the surface, such as tree branches, plant stems, wires; surface hoar is formed by fernlike ice crystals directly deposited on snow, ice or already frozen surfaces; crevasse hoar consists of crystals that form in glacial crevasses where water vapour can accumulate under calm weather conditions; depth hoar refers to cup shaped, faceted crystals formed within dry snow, beneath the surface.

The name hoar comes from Old English and can be used as an adjective for showing signs of old age in reference to the frost which makes trees and bushes look like elderly white hair. It may also have association with hawthorn when covered in its characteristic white spring blossom.

Surface hoar is a cause of avalanches when it forms on top of snow. Conditions that are ideal are cold clear nights, with a very light wind that is able to circulate more humidified air around the snow surface. Wind that is too abrupt will destroy the crystals. When buried by subsequent snows they may remain standing for easy identification, or become laid down, but still dangerous because of the weakness of the crystals. In low temperatures surface hoar can also be broken apart and blown across the surface forming yukimarimo.

Hoar frost also occurs around man-made environments such as freezers or industrial cold storage facilities. It occurs in adjacent rooms that are not well insulated against the cold or around entry locations where humidity and moisture will enter and freeze instantly depending on the freezer temperature.

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